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工业盐有哪些用途?

2019-03-16

大家都知道工业盐是不可食用的,那就有人问了,工业盐到底是干啥的?有什么用途呢?要说工业盐的用途,首先就不得不提它的外号-“化学工业之母”,基本化学工业主要产品中的盐酸、烧碱、纯碱、氯化铵、氯气等主要是用工业盐为原料生产的。不仅如此,工业盐在不同行业都有很大的用途。

立博体育 1、ZAIHUAXUEGONGYEZHONGDEYINGYONG

HUAXUEGONGYESHIGUOMINJINGJIDEJICHUCHANYE。SANSUAN(LIUSUAN、YANSUAN、XIAOSUAN)、LIANGJIAN(CHUNJIAN、SHAOJIAN)SHIJIBENDEHUAXUEGONGYE,ERQIZHONGDEYANSUAN、CHUNJIAN、SHAOJIANSHIYIYANWEIZHUYAOYUANLIAOSHENGCHANDE,MEISHENGCHAN1DUNCHUNJIANHUOSHAOJIANYAOXIAOHAO1.2~1.4DUNYUANYAN,QUANSHIJIEYONGYUSHENGCHANNAJIAN、LVHELVDEYANSHENGWUDENG80DUOZHONGJIBENHUAGONGCHANPINSUOYONGDEYAN,ZHANQUANSHIJIEZONGYANHAOLIANGDE60%YISHANG,ZAIGONGYEFADAGUOJIA,HUAGONGYONGYANYIBANDOUZHANDAOZONGYANHAOLIANGDE90%YISHANG。YINCIKEYISHUO,GUOMINJINGJIDEQUANMIANFAZHAN,YILAIYUFADADEHUAXUEGONGYE,ERFADADEHUAXUEGONGYEYOUYILAIYUFADADEZHIYANGONGYE。

RANLIAOGONGYECHANGYONGDEYUANLIAORUSHAOJIAN、CHUNJIANHELVQISHIYANWEIYUANLIAOZHIJIESHENGCHANCHULAIDE,YANSUAN、LIUHUANA、BAOXIANFENDENGSHIYANJINGSHENJIAGONGZHIDEDEHUAGONGCHANPIN;CIWAI,HAIZHIJIEHAOYONGDALIANGDEYAN。SUOYISHUO,RANLIAOGONGYESHICHULELVJIANGONGYEYIWAI,YUYANYEGUANXIFEICHANGMIQIEDEXINGYEZHIYI。ERQIERANLIAOSHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGJIHUMEIGEBUZHOUDOUYAOHAOYONGYIDINGSHULIANGDEYAN。

工业精

3、ZAIYEJINGONGYEZHONGDEYINGYONG

工业盐在冶金工业中用作氯化焙烧剂和淬火剂,也作处理金属矿石的脱硫剂和澄清剂。钢制品和钢轧制品浸入食盐溶液,可使其表面硬化并除去氧化膜。带钢及不锈钢的酸洗,炼铝、电解解金属钠等的助焙剂都要用到盐化工产品,以及冶炼中的耐火材料等都需要盐化工产品。

立博体育 4、ZAIJIANCAIGONGYEZHONGDEYINGYONG

YONGYANZHICHENGDECHUNJIANSHISHENGCHANBOLIDEZHUYAOYUANLIAO。LINGWAIZAIRONGZHIBOLISHIWEILEXIAOCHUBOLIYEZHONGDEQIPAO,BIXUJIARUYIDINGSHULIANGDECHENGQINGJI,ERYANYESHICHANGYONGDECHENGQINGJIZHONGDECHENGFEN,YANDEYONGLIANGYUEDABOLIRONGTIDE1%。YIBANDECUTAOQI、TAOZHIZHUANWAHEGANGQIXUYONGYANZUOSHANGYOUJI。MEILIFANGMITAOQIDEYANHAOLIANGWEI0.5~3GONGJIN。

立博体育 WEILETIGAOTANGCICIYOUDEXINGNENG,ZAITUTANGQIANXUTIANJIAYIXIETANGJIAWU,YANJIUSHIYIZHONGTANGJIAWU,YONGYUMIANYOU,YIZENGJIAFENPIDEQIANGDU,TIGAOZHICHENGTANGCIHOUDIKANGKEHENHEMOSUNDENENGLI。MEI100GONGJINYOUJIANGZHONG,YANDEZUIGAOYONGLIANGWEI0.3GONGJIN。

CIWAI,ZHIYANDEFEIZHA(YANSHIGAO),YIJILUSHUIJINGHUAZHONGCHANSHENGDEGAIMEINI(YANNI),KEZUOJIANZHUQIANGBAN、QIANGTICAILIAOHUOTIANLIAO,HAIKEZUOSHUINITIANLIAO。

立博体育 5、ZAIJIXIEGONGYEZHONGDEYINGYONG

立博体育 ZAIZHUZAOSHI,YANKEYONGZUOFEITIEJINSHUHEHEJINZHUZAOZHONGXINGSHADEYOULIANGZHANHEJI,GAOWENXIA,YANCUSHIZHUJIANXINGXINBIANRUAN,CONGERFANGZHIZHUJIANRELIEWENDECHANSHENG。YUYOUJIZHANHEJIXIANGBIJIAO,YANZAIGAOWENSHICHANSHENGDEYOUHAIQITIYEZUISHAO。

钢制的机械零件或工具在热处理时,最常用的加热设备是盐浴炉。盐浴炉与箱式炉加热相比,具有温度容易控制,受热均匀,加热速度快,可以局部加热,细长的工件不易弯曲,能避免发生氧化和脱碳现象等很多好处。同时在渗碳化学热处理时作常用的催化剂,在热处理过程中,用盐水淬火,也可获得较理想的效果。 
以上就是工业盐的用途介绍了,大家都了解了吗?

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